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A tale of two epidemics: When COVID-19 and opioid addiction collide

I am a primary care doctor who has recovered from — and who considers — opiate addiction. I work in an inner-city primary care clinic in Chelsea, Massachusetts, which currently has the highest rate of COVID-1 9 in the commonwealth, due, in part, to privation. These two experiences volunteer me a clear view of how these two outbreaks — COVID-1 9 and opioid addiction — can affect and deteriorate one another. Two immense outbreaks of our generation are intersecting in ways that are additively deadly, and which highlight the urgent practices we must respond to some of the underlying fault lines in our society that are worsening both crises.

Social determinants of health organize increased vulnerability

People who suffer from the disease of craving are particularly vulnerable to both catching the coronavirus and having a more severe disease when they do catch it. There are many reasons for this, but they boil down to something called social determinants of health, which according to the CDC are “conditions in the places where people live, learn, drudgery, and play[ which] feign a wide range of health risks and outcomes.” In short, people suffering from addiction are hugely more vulnerable to coronavirus, as they are more likely to be homeless, good, smokers with lung or cardiovascular disease, under- or uninsured, or have known serious health and socioeconomic issues from drug addiction. There are also millions of prone incarcerated parties, many of whom are stuck in jail due to their cravings and related nonviolent medication offenses.

Medication and support systems may be disrupted

For someone struggling with addiction, virtually all of the services and managements available to them have been disrupted by the COVID-1 9 epidemic. People are told to stay home, which directly belies the need to go to clinics to obtain methadone or other prescriptions for plowing craving. Our government, in response, has loosened regulations so that, in theory, clinics can give 14 -day or even 28 -day supplies to “stable” patients, so that they don’t have to wait in line and can adhere to social distancing for security. Regrettably, there are countless legends of patients not being granted this privilege, including at least one of my own patients.

Similarly, the government has loosened some restrictions on buprenorphine prescribing , and has allowed some dial prescribing, but this presupposes that there are doctors accessible the hell is health and certified to prescribe this prescription, and that the pharmacies and doctors’ positions are functioning. Access to cleanse needles is altered as well. Additionally, may rehab facilities have restraint brand-new admittances, cancelled curricula, or even shuttered their doorways for anxiety of spreading coronavirus in a communal living setting.

Social separation increases the risk for craving

A common truism in recuperation culture is that “addiction is a disease of withdrawal, ” so it stands to reason that social distancing — in every possible way — is counter to most efforts to engage in a recuperation parish. It have to remember that experts distinguish between physical distancing and social distancing, and actually emphasize that we hinder physical length, but conclude additional efforts to maintain social bails during this time of enormous stress and dislocation.

The social isolation that is so critical to preventing the spread of coronavirus thwarts parties from attending peer-support groups, who the hell is such a vital source of psychological and spiritual support efforts to people struggling to stay in recovery.

Lonelines is rising the risk of overdose demises

Heightened anxiety is a near-universal trigger for drug users, and it is difficult to think of a more stressful happening — for all of us — than this pandemic. Consumers who chosen distres reduction skills and had been using doses with a friend are now using them alone, and there is no one adjacent who could administer naloxone or ask 911 in the case of an overdose. As a outcome, police have been finding parties dead in their apartments. When beings do call 911, the health care system is overloaded, and first responders may arrive more slowly. We know that starting addiction treatment in the ED can help prevent relapse, but right now emergency room physicians are absolutely overtook with COVID-1 9 actions, and might not have the time or resources available to start addiction remedies following an overdose.

Sadly, the ugly face of stigma and discrimination is coming out as well, as there are reports surfacing of police districts across the country that are refusing to offer naloxone to patients who have overdosed, on the pretext that it is too dangerous because the “addict” might wake up coughing and sneezing coronavirus droplets.

Several state crises intend extensive solutions

What we need to do now is reach out more than ever to those who are struggling with addiction, and provide them with the resources, such as online intersects, so that they are not alone and ignored during this dual crisis of coronavirus and addiction. We need to make sure that they are getting the prescriptions they need to recover, that they have access to clean needles if they are still utilizing, adequate medical care, menu, and residence — basic human needs.

If any good has come out of the desolation of the compounded COVID-1 9 and opioid plagues, perhaps it is that a clear, light lighting has been shined on the virulent social rifts — poverty, income inequality, need of health insurance and access to healthcare, homelessness — that are the true social determinants of health we will need to address as part of an effective response to future pandemics.

The post A tale of two scourges: When COVID-1 9 and opioid addiction crash saw first on Harvard Health Blog.

Read more: health.harvard.edu

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Written by WHS

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